Hanna Senesh (an Anglicization of the Hungarian Szenes Anikó and the Hebrew Chana Senesh, 1921-1944) was one of 37 Jews from Mandatory Palestine parachuted by the British Army Special Operations Executive into Yugoslavia during the Second World War to assist in the rescue of Hungarian Jews about to be deported to Auschwitz. She was arrested at the Hungarian border, then imprisoned and tortured, but refused to reveal details of her mission. She was tried and executed in November 1944.
Birkenau, Poland, Jews waiting near gas chamber 4 prior to their ex.execution. Standing in a death line
President Gerald Ford waves to a crowd at a campaign stop in Biloxi, Mississippi.
Jews lined up for selection on the ramp at Auschwitz-Birkenau. Poland, May 1, 1944. Only a few 100 would be selected to slave labor or for medical experiments. From May 15 to July 9, 1944, Hungarian gendarmerie officials, under the guidance of German SS officials, deported around 440,000 Jews from Hungary.
The devotion to the cause of the "final solution" of the Hungarian gendarmes surprised even Eichmann himself, who supervised the operation with only twenty officers and a staff of 100.... According to Winston Churchill, in a letter to his Foreign Secretary dated July 11, 1944, "There is no doubt that this persecution of Jews in Hungary and their expulsion from enemy territory is probably the greatest and most horrible crime ever committed in the whole history of the world...." Wikipedia
Auschwitz. Jewish women and children awaiting Selection at the ramp in Birkenau. In the background there are barracks of Sector BIa. Photo: SS, 1944. (Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Archives)
From the Collections: A Look At African American History
Fifth & Flower, librarian Jené D. Brown takes us on a tour through the Los Angeles Public Library collections to commemorate African American History Month. http://lfla.org/blog/from-the-collections-a-look-at-african-american-history/