The Mapuche people are the largest ethnic group in Chile and constitute approximately 10% (more than 1.000.000 people) of the Chilean population. Half of them live in the south of Chile from the river Bío Bío until the Chiloé Island. The other half is found in and around the capital, Santiago. There are also around 300.000 Mapuches living in Argentina.
Danza de la lluvia realizada durante la ceremonia del Hain. Selk´nam. Tierra del Fuego. Fotografía de Martín Gusinde. 1919-1923. En: “Los Indios de Tierra del Fuego: Los Selknam”. Martín Gusinde. Editorial C.A.E.A. 1982.
Chile | Studio portrait of a young Mapuche woman posed in front of a painted background of an outdoor scene; she wears a medella (coin-chain headdress), quipan (a square cloth, wrapped around the body), ikulla (shawl) or manta (blanket), chaway (earrings), tupu (clothes pin), trapelakucha (pectoral pendant) | ca. 1890. Traiguen, Araucania