Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American/Native American ophthalmologist and the inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.
"Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American women to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles."
HATTIE MCDANIEL - Mejor Actriz Secundaria por "Lo que el viento se llevó"